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Abstract

REVIEW ARTICLECirculating microRNAs Expressions as Genetic Biomarkers in Pancreatic Cancer Patients Continuous Non-Invasive Monitoring by Mihai Sandesc, Anca Dinu, Alexandru F. Rogobete, Ovidiu H. Bedreag, Dorel Sandesc, Marius Papurica, Lavinia M. Bratu, Silvius Negoita, Corina Vernic, Sonia E. Popovici, Dan Corneci

Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most important causes of death worldwide. The main cause is late detection. Also, an important factor playing a role in altering the clinical status of these patients is the lack of methods for the evaluation of therapeutic response. A marker that can be useful, both in early diagnosis and in evaluating and monitoring non-invasive treatment response, is analyzing the expression of miRNAs. In this paper, we summarize genetic and epigenetic aspects of miRNAs in pancreatic cancer. Moreover, we want to emphasize potential miRNAs expressions that can be used as biomarkers for the management of patients with pancreatic cancer.
Methods: Studies available in scientific databases, such as PubMed and Scopus, were analyzed for conducting the present study. The keywords "miRNAs expression", "pancreatic cancer", and "genetic biomarkers" were used in the search engine.
Results: Following the searches, 187 primary scientific articles were analyzed. After rigorous analysis 40 articles were selected for the study. A high percentage of papers highlight the importance of using microRNAs as modern, non-invasive, and accurate biomarkers, designed for the early diagnosis and continuous monitoring of both the clinical outcome and treatment response of the patient.
Conclusions: The expression of miRNAs can be successfully used for the evaluation and non-invasive monitoring of patients with pancreatic cancer.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2017.170608