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Clinical Evaluation of a New Creatine Kinase MB Activity Reagent Abrogating the Effect of Mitochondrial Creatine Kinase by Tadashi Hoshino, Yasuhiro Sakai, Kazuaki Yamashita, Kouji Kishi, Katsuhisa Tanjoh, Atsushi Hirayama, Tomohiro Nakayama

Background: Measuring creatine kinase (CK) MB activity using the immunoinhibition method remains useful in clinical laboratories. CK-MB activity is abnormally high when macro CK type 2 (mitochondrial creatine kinase, MtCK) is present in patient serum. In order to improve the accuracy of the CK-MB activity assay, we developed a new CK-MB activity method using highly specific anti-MtCK antibodies. We evaluated the clinical performance of the new method, which abrogates the effect of MtCK activity.
Methods: Receiver operating characteristic analysis, CK-MB activity range, cut-off, and CK-MB to CK activity ratio were investigated.
Results: Mean CK-MB activity in normal human serum was 2.5 U/L by our method, in contrast to 12.0 U/L by the current method. Approximately 80% of CK-MB activity determined using the current kit corresponds to MtCK activity, and ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase activity constitutes approximately 90% of MtCK activity. The cut-off and CK-MB activity ratio of our method were 12 U/L and 3 to 20%, respectively, in contrast to 22 U/L and 5 to 23%, respectively, using the current CK-MB method. The areas under the curve of our method, current CK-MB, electrophoresis, and CK-MB mass were 0.976, 0.928, 0.967, and 0.991, respectively. Our new method was superior to the electrophoresis and CK-MB mass as well as the conventional method due to its promptness, simplification, and low cost.
Conclusions: The new kit will improve the clinical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. CK-MB activity assay was considered as a suitable alternative to conventional cardiac markers due to its superior diagnostic validity.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2012.120516