Background: Because of the emergence and spread of extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains which are resistant to many antibiotics, reliable detection of ESBL is very important for infection control. Several chromogenic media have been proposed for the detection of ESBL producers in addition to the conventional phenotypic and genotyping methods. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of Brilliance ESBL agar (Oxoid; Thermo Fisher Scientific, UK), a selective chromogenic agar for the detection of ESBLproducing Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) strains.
Methods: A total of 237 strains (143 ESBL producers (76 isolates of E. coli and 67 isolates of K. pneumoniae) and 94 non-ESBL producers (44 isolates of E. coli and 50 isolates of K. pneumoniae)) isolated from various clinical specimens were included in the study. Isolates were identified by conventional methods, Phoenix system (Becton Dickinson, USA), and mass spectrometry. ESBL confirmation was performed by phenotypical tests. A 10 μL aliquot of each isolate’s 0.5 McFarland suspension was streaked onto Brilliance ESBL agar. All plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 hours and then were interpreted for growth and colony color according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Identification and ESBL test results were used to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the medium evaluated at 24 hours.
Results: The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of the medium were 97.9%, 100%, 100%, and 96.9%, respectively, when considering only species specific colored colonies of the isolates.
Conclusions: Brilliance ESBL agar could provide a practical alternative to the traditional methods for the identification of ESBL producers.