The measurement of androgen levels is important in the follow-up of sexual development and in the diagnosis of disturbances of the gonadal function in children and adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the age dependence of the serum concentrations of testosterone, androstenedione, and SHBG from birth until old age using the IMMULITE® 2000 automated assay system (DPC, Los Angeles). Testosterone and androstenedione median levels were very high during the first weeks of life due to residual maternal hCG and decreased to low basal levels around the detection limit of the assay. With the onset of puberty around the age of 10 years both parameters increased strongly, reaching a maximum at about 17 years (testosterone: >20-fold in boys, 2-fold in girls; androstenedione: 10-fold in boys, 5-fold in girls). In both girls and boys, we measured a decline in the SHBG medians during sexual maturation. This decline was more pronounced in boys (median 78.3 to 26.2 nmol/l from Tanner stage 1 to 5) since the higher androgen levels are thought to down-regulate SHBG.