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HIL Interferences on Three Hemostasis Analyzers and Contribution of a Preanalytical Module for Routine Coagulation Assays by Carole Nagant, Laurence Rozen, Anne Demulder

Background: Preanalytical issues are a major part of routine coagulation laboratory errors. Automation in detection of preanalytical problems, including hemolysis, icterus and lipemia (HIL), improper tube fill volume, and undue clotting, has recently been implemented on specific hemostasis instruments. The aim of this study was to assess the added value of a new preanalytical module integrated into hemostasis analyzers compared to visual inspection of samples.
Methods: The detection of preanalytical issues was performed by visual or manual inspection of the samples and by the new preanalytical module integrated on the ACL TOP 550. Additional tests were done to evaluate the interference of hemoglobin (Hb), bilirubin or triglycerides (TG). Plasma pools containing the interference substance were tested for routine coagulation assays on the STA-R Evolution, CS-5100, and ACL TOP 550.
Results: Visual or manual inspection detected statistically less samples with preanalytical issues than the new preanalytical module integrated on the ACL TOP 550 (3.5% vs. 6.6%, p < 0.001). The majority of the samples were rejected for poor filling. HIL interferences appeared on assays when the concentration of Hb, bilirubin or TG exceeded a certain threshold that was analyzer and reagent dependent.
Conclusions: Automatic and standardized check of routine coagulation samples by ACL TOP 550 increased the accuracy and consistency in detection of preanalytical issues as compared to visual inspection only. The main advantages were the detection of insufficient filled tubes and icteric samples that are not detected visually.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2016.160313