Background: Recently, the usefulness of thiol/disulfide homeostasis (TDH) in various diseases is being widely investigated. In this mini-review, our aim is to clarify the role of TDH in clinical practice in the light of current literature.
Methods: We performed a systematic review of the existing literature describing the clinical utility of TDH in the clinical setting. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were used as data sources. Two reviewers conducted independent screening and data extraction. Use of TDH in each system was investigated separately.
Results: A total of 35 studies were detected in this mini-review. Our results revealed the protective role of TDH and its utility as a diagnostic marker in many common diseases in clinical practice.
Conclusions: Maintenance of TDH as a crucial part of antioxidant defense system is critical in diagnosis and prognosis of potentially lethal diseases.